MHRM 6600 – Week 2
When interactions between two or more people in a dynamic, interdependence and valued common goal, objective, and/or mission exist, it is known as a team. To manage a rapidly changing operational context in different organizations, rest heavily on team-based work arrangement. Also, it is uncommon to think of organizations without organizing their activities at least, in part, based on teams (Aguinis, 2013; Rosen et al., 2011). Members of a team have to work together and share common goals; therefore, they need each other. Even though, they may not be permanent, not in the same location, and/or not have ever met in person.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Team Work
Teams are so popular in an educational or an organizational setting due to some merits derivable from team work. These could include the following: the use of teams is believed to improve products and services and increases productivity. Using teams have provided flexible relief to many organizations where lay-offs and restructuring has led to reduced levels of hierarchy. A combined team diverse talent contributions to projects do surpass talent from individuals. Also, it is fundamentally difficult for individuals working alone to respond rapidly and efficiently to changes in business environments (Aguinis, 2013). Additionally, in an education arena, students do share tasks within and outside their comfort zone for skill expansion. Students with different life experiences, ideas, and backgrounds do learn to appreciate points uniquely presented by others (Kokemuller, n.d.).
However, team-based organizations do not mostly outperform others that are not structured around team, as team performance does not, in most cases, fulfill its expectations. Team-based organizations are faced with extended stress of managing teams and the individuals on a team separately (Aguinis, 2013). Furthermore, team projects with pending deadlines do suffer because, decision making always take time in teams. Individual’s different attitude commonly results into conflicts both in organizations and classroom (Kokemuller, n.d.).
Difficulties in Evaluating Individuals on a Team
There exists certain fundamental reasons and merits for undertaking team work as mentioned earlier; despite all the aforementioned, to evaluate individuals working on a team always pose some challenges. These difficulties may include challenges to device ways to assign grades to individual team members because; evaluating inputs from individual to team efforts is problematic. Aguinis (2013) stated further that, individual evaluation and rewards on a team may be difficult, as it can cause demotivation for people from contributing to team performance for personal or self glory.
The fundamental components of a team essentially include a dynamic, interdependent, and interrelationships between two or more people. This is important in managing operational rapid changes in organizations. And it is fundamental that team members have to work together with common team or corporate ideas, goals, and objectives at, or from, their likely different locations.
The merits of team work make it popular in both educational and organizational settings, while the demerits should not be over emphasized as identified in the main part of this write up.
However, certain difficulties arise in the process of evaluating individual efforts that make up a team.
Aguinis, H. (2013). Performance management (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Kokemuller, N. (n.d.). Advantages and disadvantages of group work in a classroom situation. Demand Medial Education. Retrieved from http://education.seattlepi.com/advantages-disadvantages-group-work-classroom-situation-1333.html.
Rosen, A.M., Bedwell, L.W., Wildman, L.J., Fritzsche, B.A., Salas, E., & Burke, C.S. (2011). Managing adaptive performance in teams: Guiding principles and behavioral markers from measurement. Human Resources Management Review 21, 107-122.